Gastric Bypass Surgery And Digestion

We tend to use the term gastric bypass surgery somewhat loosely these days and include both true bypass operations such as the Roux-En-Y and popular and less radical forms of weight loss surgery such as gastric banding. While both have a role to play in curing the problem of obesity, bypass surgery takes full advantage of the body to affect weight loss and, in order to understand just how gastric bypass surgery works, it is necessary to have a basic understanding of the digestive system.

The process of digestion begins as soon as you start to eat when, as you chew your food in your mouth, saliva, which contains the digestive enzyme amylase, is mixed with your food and starts to break down carbohydrates. Although it may not seem an important part of the digestive system, the saliva glands produce about 40% of the amylase used in the digestive process and so chewing your food properly is an essential part of the process.

Food is then passed down the esophagus and into the stomach where muscular contractions mix the food as digestive juices and pepsin are added. In adults the stomach typically holds the equivalent of about 3 pints.

Once thoroughly mixed the food is passed out of the lower end of the stomach through the pylorus, a circular muscle which opens and closes rhythmically to control the flow of food from the stomach.

Having left the stomach food enters the duodenum, which is about 2 feet in length and it the first of three sections that together form the small intestine. Here two other organs of the body come into play – the liver and the pancreas.

The liver passes bile, which is an essential enzyme used in the digestion of fat, into the duodenum and also receives essential nutrients from the duodenum through a series of veins known as the portal veins. The liver itself is thus also responsible for processing food products.

The pancreas, which is principally known as the organ which is responsible for producing insulin, also produces a number of digestive enzymes, including lipase, which mixes with bile in the duodenum to further assist in breaking down fat.

Once food has been mixed with various digestive enzymes in the duodenum it then passes into the jejunum, which is about 6 to 8 feet in length, and then on into the ileum, which is about 10 to 12 feet long, where the digestive process continues and nutrients are extracted.

Once digestion is complete the remaining waste products are passed into the large bowel which plays an important role in absorbing water to prevent excess water loss. Waste products are then held in the large bowel until they are released from the body.

Gastric bypass surgery by bypassing part of the small bowl (the duodenum, jejunum and ileum) restricts the body from absorbing calories from the food that is eaten which, in turn, leads to weight loss. However, it also restricts the absorption of a variety of necessary vitamins and minerals and this explains the need for life-long supplements following surgery.



Gastric Bypass – Commiting To Success

The number of individuals choosing to have gastric bypass surgery has risen dramatically in the last few years and will continue to rise as obesity sweeps across the western world. And there is little indication that this will reverse in the near future as we continue to eat more and more fast food and take little exercise. As if this is not bad enough surgical techniques to answer our weight problem are becoming better each day and insurance companies are even beginning to pay out for an increasing number of weight loss surgeries.

So, should we be concerned? Obesity surgery may seem like the simple solution to the problem of obesity but it remains a major surgical procedure and is not without its risks. Indeed, some forty percent of patients experience some form of problem in the six months following surgery and roughly one-quarter of these individuals will need to return to the hospital. Possibly the most significant difficulty, however, is the dramatic changes in lifestyle which are encountered following surgery. The majority of individuals know that they will need to change their eating habits after gastric bypass surgery to cope with the immediate effect of having a dramatically smaller stomach and to ensure that they do not begin to put on weight again once their initial excess weight has come off. However, what the majority of individuals do not realize is precisely how dramatic these changes are going to be. Not only will you discover that you are severely restricted in terms of exactly what you can eat, but you will also discover that your whole eating regime will need to change dramatically.

For those individuals who are severely overweight because they have a compulsion to eat and are effectively addicted to certain forms of food this can come as something of a shock. This, of course, is only the beginning of the problem as gastric bypass surgery marks a major turning point in your life and will also put you under a great deal of psychological stress will have you running from tremendous highs to deep lows for which you will need the help of your doctor, as well as friends and family. For anyone considering obesity surgery, it is vital to get hold of as much information as you can not merely about the surgical options open to you but also about the effects of surgery and what is going to be involved in helping you through the months following surgery.

You must then sit down and talk to your doctor and think very carefully about precisely how you will cope before you commit yourself to surgery. A critical person in the whole equation and somebody who will have a very significant influence on your success is your doctor as he will be the person you are going to need most in those critical weeks after surgery when the going begins to get tough. It is vitally important therefore that you pick your doctor with care and look for somebody who is not only a first-class surgeon and well qualified to carry out your procedure, but is additionally someone who you can turn to and lean upon for support when things are not going as you expected after surgery and you are down in the dumps. The gastric bypass may appear to be an easy choice but it most assuredly is not and is something which you have to prepare yourself for with care.


About Cancer Research in the UK

Radiation therapy has advanced as well. While more sophisticated equipment and technology does less damage to the surrounding tissues, new discoveries and developments have brought about new and more effective medicines with fewer side effects. This and other advancements have been brought about by ongoing cancer research.

Cancer Research UK is one research organization based in the United Kingdom. It is one of the few independent organizations devoted to cancer research in the world. One of the goals of this organization and others like it is to gain a better understanding of the various types of cancer. By doing so they can then develop better medicines and treatments to fight cancer.

Only through a better understanding of cancer can advancements in these areas be made.

Research is the step by step process that is done by collecting and examining data on cancer. It almost always involves a quest for new information that can help to develop a new drug or treatment or hopefully someday an actual cure for cancer.

Research can involve the study of its basic biology to the effects of treatments. Another area of research involves the testing of drugs that have already been developed. Before a drug is made available to the public it must undergo years of testing to make sure it is safe and effective. Right now there are drugs undergoing testing that in years to come will be available for use but researchers must first determine their overall effect on the cancer patients who use them.

Most people don’t realize just how many different types of cancer there are, each with its different problems in treating it. So there has to be many different areas of research to develop treatments for them. Cancer Research UK supports over three-thousand researchers and the work they are doing.

The one true key to successful cancer research is money. One ongoing job for nonprofit cancer research organizations is raising the funds to support the work they are doing. Anyone can help cancer research by making a donation to any of the nonprofit cancer research centers. In this way, you can do your part to help find better treatments and hopefully someday a cure for the disease.

Another way to help is to take part in a clinical trial of a new drug or treatment.

Another area of cancer research is focused on the relieving of the symptoms of cancer. Until a cure is found people with cancer have to endure the symptoms of the disease. The first one that comes to mind is pain but there are many others such as dietary and nutritional special problems cancer patients face.

Learning how to better keep cancer patients pain free, happy and healthy is another area of ongoing cancer research. There too many areas of cancer research to cover here but we have covered a few. Only through cancer research can progress be made in understanding its causesComputer Technology Articles, how to prevent it and eventually a cure.




Should You Travel Abroad For Medical Care?

According to our research, at the top of the list for medical travelers is dental work, followed by surgeries like coronary bypass and bariatric procedures. Third on the list are travelers seeking cosmetic surgery, with a smaller percentage seeking orthopedic procedures like hip and knee replacements. Orthopedic procedures such as hip and knee replacements comprise about 9% of the medical travel market.

Many people travel from the U.S. and Canada to destinations abroad due to high medical costs, long waits for procedures, high deductibles, or to receive elective surgeries or procedures which are not covered by their insurance plans.

But what’s the best way to choose a doctor, facility, or destination?  A good third-party medical tourism facilitator can provide your answers.  Look for a company with a long history of medical tourism, experience with many destinations and hospitals, and good reviews and testimonials.  Be sure to check their fee structure and ask what will be provided before, during and after your procedure.

For instance, your contact with the medical tourism company should know the best place in the world for health checks, a knee replacement or dental work.  Your consultant should help you get your medical records to your chosen destination, arrange a consultation with your surgeon or physician, get personal feedback (which includes risk factors, how long you will need to stay in the hospital, how long before you can fly, etc.), pricing, arrange accommodations and transfers to and from the hospital, and connect you with the client services manager who will care for you while you are in that country. In short, a good medical tourism consultant will help you prepare for every step of our medical journey abroad.


medical exam

What Is An Orthopedic Surgeon?

Patients suffering from shoulder or spine are brought to an orthopedic specialist. These physicians are among the most highly competent and proficient at the entirety of healthcare practitioners.

Physicians are trained in different fields and specialize in particular surgical techniques. Doctors specialized in orthopedics are skilled
surgeons working specifically in the musculoskeletal system. Common services offered with these physicians incorporate the treatment of damage to
the skeleton, infections, and congenital disorders. Patients who experience acute injury or anxiety for their coronary artery system, like a
broken bone or spinal break, will find themselves under the care of an orthopedic specialist. Additionally, they subspecialize in many different distinct and helpful surgeries, including joint facelift, hands, and spine surgery. Doctors practicing orthopedics rely on nonsurgical and surgical ways to treat lots of bodily handicapping and life-threatening issues. Consequently, surgeons go through rigorous and exemplary education and training.

A surgeon studying orthopedics must complete eight years of school. Most complete a four-year undergraduate degree, preceded by four years
of medical school. Following this, graduates are expected to complete a five-year residency training program, in which they’ll learn basic and
advanced inpatient surgery methods. These home programs are highly aggressive, generally just awarded to the top ranks of their graduating class. Just a small number of practicing physicians are orthopedic specialists, making this a highly competitive field amongst physicians. After completing residency, further training is chased at a subspecialized category and lasts one or two years. Upon finishing this final specialized therapy, oral physicians are eligible for induction to the specialty board.

Operations practiced in the field of orthopedics incorporate a vast selection of surgeries including hip and knee replacement and spinal fusion and bone
grafting and fracture repair. Arthroscopy is a surgical field that compliments and can be used by orthopedic surgeons to repair or replace
joints. An arthroscope is a type of endoscope: an instrument inserted into a small incision so as to observe the inside of an organ or bone
part. This enables the physician to examine and perform their surgery without opening the individual completely, allowing less surgical trauma
and also a swifter recovery. These methods are preferred when working on professional athletes, that need speedy recovery time and minimal
damage to their performance-based human anatomy.

The services and benefits of healthcare professionals are critical to a proper and functioning hospital. The surgeries that they perform are exceptionally complex surgeries, requiring the steady hand and utmost care of a highly trained person.



What to know about MCL tears

Recovery usually means being able to walk without limping or move the knee completely without pain. Construct up to regular movement and normal exercise levels gradually to help prevent a further injury.

A person may get advice to support the knee with a brace or do strengthening exercises. With therapy, even a serious MCL injury should heal in a month or two. Protect the MCL while it is healing to prevent further injury and accelerate recovery time. A knee brace can help to prevent any sideways movement of the knee joint and protect the MCL from strain and pressure.

A tear to the medial collateral ligament in the knee may cause pain, swelling, and a lack of stability in the knee. Surgery may be necessary in rare cases.

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) connects the bones in the thigh and lower leg. The MCL runs along the inside of the knee, while the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) runs along the outside of the knee. Together, these two ligaments, along with others, help to keep the knee in place.

After an MCL tear, taking enough time to recuperate can prevent another injury.

Taking immediate action to ice and rest the knee following an MCL tear can encourage healing. Returning to physical activity too soon can increase the chance of further damage.


This causes pain in these areas of the knee. It may take longer for an injury to heal if a person damages multiple ligaments. Ligaments consist of strong connective tissue. A sprain stretches the ligament, which may become loose after a serious injury. A tear is a more severe injury that splits the ligament in two. Whenever someone tears the MCL, it might not hold the knee in place as securely.

A doctor may compare one knee with the other, look closely at the injured knee, and gently feel for any swelling as well as the location of the tenderness.
A doctor will usually ask about the activity that led to the injury; for instance, a collision with another player in a contact sport. They will likely ask about any symptoms.


Physical therapy can help the healing process.

When an MCL tear is severe, a doctor may recommend a person use crutches to avoid putting weight on the knee joint. A doctor or physical therapist will have the ability to advise on when to return to normal activities. They may recommend wearing a knee brace to support the joint and ligaments after an MCL tear.

A torn MCL can affect the stability of the knee. A person may feel like their knee might give way or their kneecap feels loose. Resting the knee following an MCL tear can help accelerate healing. People should avoid contact sports and movement that puts too much strain on the MCL until the injury heals fully. This can help to prevent further damage.

Recovery is different for each person and will depend on how severe the MCL tear is. According to the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), it might take two weeks for a minor injury to the MCL to heal. A more severe tear could take 2 months or longer. MCL injuries often happen during contact sports. Direct contact to the outside of the knee in a collision can push the knee. This puts a good deal of pressure on the MCL, which may tear. Contracting the muscle while running and turning can also place enough stress on the ligament to sprain or tear it.


Many MCL injuries occur during contact sports. This type of injury can also happen after an accident, when twisting or turning the knee or through an activity, such as skiing, that places strain on the knees.

Wearing well-fitting shoes and proper protection during sports can help to reduce the chance of injury. APTA offer tips on the best way best to minimize knee injuries during ski, including remaining within ability limits and maintaining balance during the snowplow position. A doctor might carry out further imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis. An MRI scan gives a picture of soft tissues in the body and may demonstrate a tear in the MCL. An X-ray can provide more information if a doctor suspects a broken bone in or around the knee.

A physical therapist will have the ability to advise on strengthening exercises to assist recovery after an MCL tear. Some possible exercises may include:
Avoiding these situations is not always possible but warming up and maintaining the muscles around the knees powerful can help to prevent an MCL tear. If ligaments and muscles are strong and flexible, they may be more likely to stretch rather than tear.

The knee may feel stiff, and someone may have difficulty straightening their leg or bending their knee. They might also find climbing the stairs or sitting in a seat challenging as it requires them to bend their knee.

  • Stand up straight, engaging the stomach muscles.
  • Stand on one leg and bend the knee by bringing up the heels toward the buttocks.
  • Hold for 30 seconds before repeating on the other side of the body.
  • A person could hold on to a chair or table for assistance if needed.
bariatric / gastric bypass surgery in Thailand

Bariatric Foods that Can Maximize Weight Loss

If you’ve studied weight loss for any length of time, you’ve probably come across the concept of strong, powerful bariatric foods. These are meals and nutrients that can make losing weight much easier than if you try to accomplish your goals without them. In addition to being filling and low in calories, they have the nutrients that can maximize your energy consumption. Not only that, but the best of these choices will also be very healthy. So much of what we eat these days falls into the category of “empty calories”. They provide very little in the way of what the body needs, and much of what it doesn’t. Here are some of the powerful groceries that can make a big difference in your waistline.

Vegetable Variety

While it will come as no surprise to anyone that vegetables can be a powerful ally in the battle of the bulge, you may not know that most experts recommend getting a variety. That’s right, if you’re content with sticking to just a few main staples, you could be missing out on a wealth of nutrients and vitamins. You don’t even need to know the names to make good choices; you can pick out your vegetables by color. The more colors you can incorporate into your diet, the wider your array of nutrition will be. Vegetables are without a doubt some of the most powerful bariatric foods.


Never underestimate the power of the tomato. Just about anything that can be made from tomatoes is going to prove to be a good friend while trying to lose weight. This includes salsa, plain tomatoes, a sauce based on the fruit/vegetable, and just about anything else other than ketchup, which is usually loaded with too much sugar to be an effective weight loss ally. In addition, to jump-starting your metabolism, tomatoes are packed with Vitamin C, which makes them one of the best bariatric foods.

Beans and Oats

Fiber is important when you’re trying to lose weight. This is true for a number of reasons, not least of which is your body’s inability to properly digest it. That means you can eat fibrous foods without worrying about it all going to your waistline. You may spend a bit more time in the bathroom, but at least you’ll be able to fit into that bikini without crying next summer. As far as bariatric foods go, look for fibrous beans, oatmeal, and whole wheat bread that promotes fiber intake. You’ll feel full for longer with these choices, which means you won’t be snacking a half hour after finishing your meal.





Great Choices – Bariatric Diet Foods

Losing weight and keeping it off is about more than making immediate sacrifices. Expert after expert has weighed in to say that it takes a full lifestyle change that you can stick with to lose weight permanently. Having said that, if you think losing weight means having a little less chocolate cake or only one bag of Cheetos after dinner, you’re going to need a drastic change to your eating plan. That means eating what you may consider being bariatric diet foods. These don’t need to be extreme, processed meals. In fact, the more natural you can get, the better. No matter what, though, you’re probably going to need to get used to what you perceive as a blander menu. However, there are some things you can do to make your sacrifice bearable.


Most spices are free of calories and can be used liberally to make dramatic changes in the flavor of your bariatric diet foods. If you think your meal is a bit too bland to stomach, the right spices can make all the difference in the world. Look around and you won’t have a hard time finding out which spices go well with which dishes. Of course, experimenting is part of the fun. Don’t feel locked into one certain spice just because some famous chef recommends it. Your goal is to lose weight, not impress a dinner party. Find ways to make your meals that will help you stick to the plan.

Incorporate Fruit

It has become a cliché, but fruit really is nature’s candy. While those striving for low carb solutions might need to limit their intake of fruit, other dieters will find several places in their meal plan for enjoying some sweet, nutritious choices. Some fruits are higher in calories than others, of course, so you’ll still need to be cautious. Your body might function better on 300 calories worth of strawberries than 300 calories worth of candy, but either choice can go to the waistline if you go over your energy needs.

Go Artificial

Some weight loss experts advise taking it easy on artificial sweeteners, and there are some studies that have linked high usage to some undesirable outcomes. Most of the hard science surrounding these claims is lacking, however. What isn’t lacking is the data on how bad processed sugar is for your body. Cut it out at any cost, and replacing it with high fructose corn syrup is not a viable choice. If you are having a hard time enjoying your bariatric diet foods, add some Equal or Splenda and see if it makes it easier.





Tummy Tuck and Body Lift After Bariatric Surgery

A tummy tuck, or abdominoplasty, is a common type of plastic surgery chosen by those who have gone through bariatric surgery. When someone loses a substantial amount of weight, the end result is often lots of ofloose skin and a few stubborn pockets of unsightly fat that simply will not budge. For many, the answer is to go under the knife once again and seek cosmetic surgery.

However, this type of surgery is not one to take lightly, and it is worthwhile to research your doctors carefully. You have worked hard to lose weight and get your body to a healthy size, so it is necessary to carefully choose your cosmetic surgeon for post-surgery body contouring.

When seeking a surgeon to perform a tummy tuck or body lift postsurgery, make sure you choose one who has performed this procedure specifically on patients who have had substantial weight loss. This sometimes requires a slightly different technique than what is required for the average patient. The sheer amount of tissue that is left behind requires specialized attention.

Because of this, many patients ask for more than just a tummy tuck. The surgeries considered by post-bariatric surgery patients may include the abdominoplasty in addition to a breast lift, mini facelift, and sculpting procedures on the arms, buttocks, and legs. Sometimes, more than one procedure can be done at the same time to limit recovery and lower costs. But, by far, the abdominoplasty is the most common and popular.

In a traditional abdominoplasty surgery, the surgeon will remove localized fat and excess skin, and then tighten any lax abdominal
muscles. This can create a substantial difference in the way the body looks after weight loss, particularly when rolls and rolls of skin are left under the belly button.

The problem is that tummy tuck surgery is going to be different for each patient, as the way in which the body shrinks after weight loss surgery is not uniform from one patient to the next. The surgeon needs to understand all of the factors that affect the surgery, including the distribution of fat and elasticity of the skin, before the operation. That is why choosing a surgeon with this specific type of surgery is so important.

Of course, as with all cosmetic procedures, there are some risks. The main risk is that the surgery will leave behind scars. This is
unavoidable, particularly when dealing with such large amounts of tissue. That said, choosing the right surgeon will help you with this because skilled surgeons know how to place scars in inconspicuous areas. Infection is another risk, as is a reaction to the anesthetic.

Less serious risks include swelling, bruising, and pain after the procedure. Finally, you may find that you are not happy with the results after a tummy tuck or other sculpting procedure. This is always a risk with cosmetic surgery, because you may have a different expectation about your results than what is possible. Again, a skilled surgeon will lessen this risk.